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Review my favorite western music of last 30 years-4
Czardas (Hungary dance)
In 1991, when I was in a business trip to Sanghai, I bought an imported CD of "I Love Breeze" played by Paul Mauriat band. I love all music in the CD, but most favorite is its seventh: "Czardas"
This is a Hungary dance with Czardas format and Gypsy style. It have many similar charater with that famous Sarasate's "Zigeunerweisen" (Gypsy air), but it is more gladness and moving and tragic. so I even more love it.
The Czardas and the Zigeunerweisen
The composer
mp3 listen
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Vittorio Monti
About the composer Vittorio Monti
Vittorio Monti

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Vittorio Monti (6 January 1868 – 20 June 1922) was an Italian composer, violinist, and conductor.

Monti was born in Naples where he studied violin and composition at the Conservatorio di San Pietro a Majella. Around 1900 he got an assignment as the conductor for the Lamoureux Orchestra in Paris where he wrote several ballets and operettas, for example Noel de Pierrot.

His only famous work is his Csárdás, written around 1904 and played by almost every gypsy orchestra (From Wikipedia)

Vittorio Monti 1868-1922
Vittorio Monti was the Italian composer of the celebrated Csárdás for violin and orchestra. He was born in Naples and studied at the Conservatorio di San Pietro a Majella with F. Pinto (violin) and Paolo Serrao (composition). He went to Paris in 1886 where he perfected his violin playing studying with Camillo Sivori, and was for many years first violin in the Lamoureux Orchestra. His works include ballets, operettas, pantomimes as well as of instrumental, vocal and violin pieces. (here)

About Gypsy
Gypsy (or Gipsy) is a word that has several overlapping meanings.[1] Initially the word was used to describe a people who called themselves Romany who first appeared in England at about the beginning of the 16th century. Although in certain contexts it is still used to describe the Romany, it also describes those in English speaking countries who live a lifestyle similar to that of the Romany, or as a translation of equivalent words in other languages.

The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) states that a gypsy is a "member of a wandering race (by themselves called Romany), of Hindu origin, which first appeared in England about the beginning of the 16th c. and was then believed to have come from Egypt". The OED records the first usage of the word in English as 1514, with several more in the same century, and that both Edmund Spenser and William Shakespeare used the word.[1]

The word derives from the word for "Egyptian" in Latin, the same as the Spanish Gitano or the French Gitan. It emerged in Europe, in the 15th century, after their migration into the land of the Romani people (or Roma) in that continent.[2] They received this name from the local people either because they spread in Europe from an area named Little Egypt, in Southern Balkans or because they fitted the European image of dark-skinned Egyptians skilled in witchcraft. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries it was written in various ways: Egipcian, Egypcian, 'gipcian, 'gypcian.[3] As the time elapsed, the notion of Gypsy evolved including other stereotypes, like nomadism, exoticism.[4]

English law
Gypsy has several different and overlapping meanings under English Law. Under the Caravan Sites and Control of Development Act 1960 Gypsies are defined as "persons of nomadic habit of life, whatever their race or origin, but does not include members of an organised group of travelling showmen, or persons engaged in travelling circuses, travelling together as such.",[5] this definition includes such groups as New Age Travellers, as well as Irish Travellers and Romany.[6][7]

Gypsies of Romany origins have been a recognised ethnic group for the purposes of Race Relations Act 1976 since CRE V Dutton 1998 and Irish Travellers in England and Wales since O'Leary v Allied Domecq 2000 (having already gained recognition in Northern Ireland in 1997).[6][7][8]

Contemporary use
In time, the use of the term Gypsy was extended to other ethnic groups, perceived as fitting its stereotypes, like nomadic people of European (Irish Travellers, Yeniche, Quinquilleros) or South Asian origin (Lyuli, Banjara, Kalbeliya), also various ethnic groups in South-East Asia, known as Sea Gypsies. Colloquially, it names also any person perceived as fitting the Gypsy stereotypes (wiki)

About Czardas

Hungarians in Vojvodina, Doroslovo, dancing the csárdás
Hungarians in Vojvodina, Skorenovac, dancing the csárdásCsárdás (pronounced [?t??a?rda??], "char-dash") is a traditional Hungarian folk dance, the name derived from csárda (old Hungarian name for a pub). It originated in Hungary and was popularized by Roma music (Cigány) bands in Hungary and neighboring lands of Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Burgenland, Croatia, Carpathian Ruthenia, Transylvania and Moravia, as well as among the Banat Bulgarians, including those in Bulgaria.[1]

Its origins can be traced back to the 18th century Hungarian verbunkos, used as a recruiting dance by the Hungarian army.

Csárdás is characterized by a variation in tempo: it starts out slowly (lassú) and ends in a very fast tempo (friss, literally "fresh"). There are other tempo variations, called ritka csárdás, s?r? csárdás and sz?k?s csárdás. The music is in 2/4 or 4/4 time. The dancers are both male and female, with the women dressed in traditional wide skirts, usually colored red, which form a distinctive shape when they whirl.

Classical composers who have used csárdás themes in their works include Emmerich Kálmán, Franz Liszt, Johannes Brahms, Johann Strauss, Pablo de Sarasate, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and others. Probably the best-known csardas is the eponymous composition by Vittorio Monti written for violin and piano. This virtuosic piece has 5 tempo variations.(wiki)

Hungarians in Vojvodina, Doroslovo, dancing the csárdás
Hungarians in Vojvodina, Skorenovac, dancing the csárdás
The video of the Czardas was played by Various artists
Paul Mauriat band (Potato)
The violin family (Youku)
James Last band (56)
Quartet (Sohu)
Erhu (Potato)
Lute (CE)
About Paul Mauriat (wiki)
Paul Mauriat

This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unverifiable material may be challenged and removed. (December 2008)

Paul Mauriat (Marseille, 4 March 1925 – 3 November 2006 in Perpignan) was a French orchestra leader, specializing in light music. He is best known in the United States for his remake of André Popp's "Love is Blue", which was #1 for 5 weeks in 1968. Other recordings for which he is known include El Bimbo, Toccata and Penelope.

Mauriat grew up in Marseilles and began leading his own band during the Second World War. In the 1950s he became musical director to at least two well-known French singers, Charles Aznavour and Maurice Chevalier, touring with them respectively.

In 1957, Mauriat released his first EP Paul Mauriat, a four track RGM release. Between 1959-1964 Mauriat recorded several albums on the Bel-Air record label under the name Paul Mauriat et Son Orchestre, as well as using the various pseudonyms of Richard Audrey, Nico Papadopoulos, Eduardo Ruo and Willy Twist, to better reflect the international flavour of his recordings. During this period, Mauriat also released several recordings with Les Satellites, where he creatively arranged vocal backing harmony for such albums as Slow Rock and Twist, (1961), A Malypense (1962) and Les Satellites Chantent Noel (1964).

Mauriat composed the music for several French soundtracks (also released on Bel-Air) including Un Taxi Pour Tobrouk (1961), Horace 62 (1962) and Faits Sauter La Banque (1964).

He wrote his first song with André Pascal. In 1958 they were prizewinners in the Coq d'or De La Chanson Francaise with Rendez-vous au Lavendou. Using the pseudonym of Del Roma, Mauriat was to have his first international hit with Chariot, which he wrote in collaboration with friends Franck Pourcel (co-composer), Jacques Plante (French lyrics) and Raymond Lefevre (orchestrator). In the USA the song was recorded as I Will Follow Him by Little Peggy March and became #1 on the Billboard charts in all categories for 3 weeks. In 1992 the song was featured prominently in the film Sister Act starring Whoopi Goldberg. More recently, Eminem included some bars in his song, Guilty Conscience.

Between 1967 and 1972 he wrote a lot of songs for Mireille Mathieu; Mon Credo (1,335,000 copies sold), Viens dans ma rue, La premiere etoile, Geant, etc. (to name but a few) and contributed 130 song arrangements for Charles Aznavour.

In 1965 Mauriat established Le Grand Orchestre de Paul Mauriat, and released hundreds of recordings and compilations through the Philips label for the next 28 years. In 1994 he signed with Japanese record company Pony Canyon, where he re-recorded some of his greatest hits and wrote new compositions. Mauriat recorded many of these albums in both Paris and London, utilising several English classical musicians in these recordings.

In 1969, Mauriat started his first world tour, visiting countries like United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Brazil and other Latin American countries.

For several decades, some of Mauriat's compositions served as musical tracks for Soviet TV programs, such as "In the world of animals" (V mire zhivotnykh) and "Kinopanorama", among others.

Mauriat gave his final performance in 1998 in Osaka, but his orchestra keeps touring around the world and has twice traveled to China. Mauriat's former lead pianist, Gilles Gambus, then became the orchestra's conductor in 1999 and led successful tours of Japan, China, and Russia. Gambus had worked with Mauriat for more than 25 years. In 2005, classical French Horn instrumentalist, Jean-Jacques Justafre assumed conductorship of the orchestra, and led successful tours of Japan and Korea in late 2005.

Paul Mauriat died on November 3, 2006 at the age of 81.

Career and awards
Relative to his peers, Paul Mauriat has one of the largest recording catalogs, featuring more than 1,000 titles just from his Polygram era (1965-1993). He was awarded with the Grand Prix from the French recording industry, a MIDEN trophy, and in 1997 won the prestigious distinction of "Commandeur des Arts et des Lettres" from the French Ministry of Culture. He has sold over 40 million albums worldwide and held 28 tours in Japan from 1973 to 1998.

In the early-mid 1980s, Paul Mauriat appeared in several Japanese coffee and wine TV commercials, which featured music from his orchestra.

A line of saxophones are named for Paul Mauriat, known as P. Mauriat Saxophones.

Discography (released as Paul Mauriat)
Paris by Night (1961)
Plays Standards (1963)
Paul Mauriat Joue pour les Enfants (1963)
Album No 1 (1965)
Russie De Toujours (1965)
Album No 2 (1965)
Album No 3 (1966)
Prestige de Paris (1966)
Album No 4 (1966)
Bang, Bang (1966)
Prevailing Airs (1967)
Gone is Love (1967)
More Mauriat (1967)
Mauriat Magic (1967)
Album No 5 (1967)
No?ls (1967)
Album No 6 (1967)
Love Is Blue (1968)
Viva Mauriat (1968)
Mauriat Slows (1968)
Rain and Tears (1968)
Cent Mille Chansons (1968)
Rhythm and Blues (1968)
Doing My Thing (1969)
Je T'aime...Moi Non Plus (1969)
Un Jour, Un Enfant (1969)
Vole, Vole, Farandole (1969)
Paul Mauriat Joue Chopin (1970)
C'est La Vie... Lily (1970)
Gone is Love (1970)
Comme J'ai Toujours Envie D'aimer (1970)
Paloma Embriagada (1970)
Un Banc, Un Arbre, Une Rue (1971)
Mamy Blue (1971)
Penelope (1971)
El Condor Pasa (1971)
Tombe La Neige (1971)
Apres Toi (1972)
L'Avventura (1972)
Last Summer Day (1972)
Paul Mauriat Joue Les Beatles (1972)
Le Lac Majeur (1972)
Forever and Ever (1973)
Nous Irons à Vérone (1973)
Last Tango In Paris (1973)
Good bye, My Love, Good bye (1973)
White Christmas (1973)
Viens ce Soir (1974)
Retalhos de Cetim (1974)
Je Pense à Toi (1974)
Le Premier Pas (1974)
I Won't Last a Day Without You (1974)
Have You Never Been Mellow? (1974)
L'été Indien (1975)
Entre Dos Aguas (1975)
The Best of Paul Mauriat - 10 Years with Philips (1975)
From Souvenirs to Souvenirs (1975)
Lili Marlene (1975)
Stereo Spectacular (1975)

Love Sounds Journey (1976)
Michelle (1976)
Love Is Still Blue (1976)
Il était une Fois... Nous Deux (1976)
Chanson D'amour (1977)
C'est La Vie (1977)
Hymne à l'Amour (1977)
Brasil Exclusivamente (1977)
L'Oiseau et l'Enfant (1977)
Overseas Call (1978)
Dans les Yeux d'émilie (1978)
Brasil Exclusivamente Vol.2 (1978)
Too Much Heaven (1979)
Nous (1979)
Copacabana (1979)
Aerosong (1980)
Chromatic (1980)
Brasil Exclusivamente Vol.3 (1980)
Reality (1981)
Roma dalla Finestra (1981)
Pour Le Plaisir (1981)
Je n'Pourrais Jamais t'Oublier (1981)
Tout Pour Le Musique (1982)
Magic (1982)
I Love Breeze (1982)
Descendant Of The Dragon (1982)
Wild Spring (1983)
Summer Has Flown (1983)
Olive Tree (1984)
Piano Ballade (1984)
The Seven Seas (1984)
Chromatic (1984)
Transparence (1985)
The Best of Paul Mauriat 2 - 20 Years with Philips (1985)
Classics In The Air (1985)
Windy (1986)
Classics In The Air 2 (1986)
Song For Taipei (1986)
Classics In The Air 3 (1987)
Nagekidori (1987)
Best Of France (1988)
The Paul Mauriat Story (1988)
Serenade (1989)
Iberia (1989)
Remember (1990)
You Don't Know Me (1990)
Gold Concert (1990)
Retrospective (1991)
Nostal Jazz (1991)
Emotions (1993)
The Color Of The Lovers (1994)
Now And Then (1994)
Soundtracks (1995)
Quartet For Kobe (1995)
Escapades (1996)
Cri D'amour (1996)
30th Anniversary Concert (1996)
Romantic (1997)
Sayonara Concert (1998)
I Will Follow Him (2000)
All The Best (2003, In China)
Blooming Hits (2006, Universal Music Enterprises, a Division of UMG Recordings, Inc., Santa Monica, CA)
Paul Mauriat Boxsets Vol 3 & 4 (2007, Universal Music, Japan)
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